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The Cydonia Institute                                                                                                                                                                                                                        Vol. 14  No. 2 

Temples in Rubble: The Land of the Dead
by George Haas
July 2011(Revised December 2017)
 

BACKGROUND

The Terra Cimmeria region of Mars covers a large section of the southern hemisphere of the planet. It is located in the Eridania quadrangle just below Elysium Planitia. Its Coordinates lie between 12° North and 73° South and 179° East to 98° West.1 The word Terra is a Latin word which means land, while the word Cimmeria refers to a seafaring people of Greek Mythology. It is believed the Cimmerians lived within a perpetual mist and cloud of darkness near the land of the dead.2According to Herodotus, they inhabited a region located to the north of the Caucasus and the Black Sea.3 Unfortunately, not much is known of their origins or accomplishments.

Beginning in the spring of 2000 NASA began taking numerous images of this area and in 2012 the MRO HiRISE CTX camera snapped an expansive image of the area (D04_028888_1426_XN_37S195W)4 that exposed the remains of a massive temple complex (Figure 1). With a resolution of 5.1 meters per pixel,5 the images capture a series of highly symmetrical structures with exposed foundations and connective infrastructure.These formations appear to be massive arcologies that have had their upper enclosures blown away.

 

Figure 1

The Temple Complex (context image)
MOC CTX D04_028888_1426_XN_37S195W (2012)
Notated A-E by the author
 

 
TEMPLES A – E
 
Starting with the highly degraded formation resting slightly to the eastern side of the large crater, in the lower left hand corner of the context image (Figure 1), I direct you attention to the formation labeled A. Notice the formations thick triangular A-shape with a large circular impression within its center. Because of its overall A-shape, I have called this formation Temple A (Figure 2). The triangular, A-shape of the formation resembles the Caerlaverock Castle when viewed from above. The triangular, A-shaped castle was built within the southern coast of Scotland in the 13th century6 (Figure 2).

 
 

Figure 2

Temple A
Left: Detail MRO CTX D04_028598_1426_XI_37S195W (2012)
Right: Caerlaverock Castle (Scotland)


 The second formation, labeled B in figure 1, is located just above the Temple A in a north eastern direction (Figure 3). The highest resolution image of the formation, 2.81 meters per pixel, was acquired in 2000 with MOC image FHA-01046.7 Notice the symmetry of the structure and its segmented box-like infrastructure. First Temple resembles the Ziggurat design of Sumerian pyramids found in Iraq (Figure 3).

 
 

Figure 3

First Temple
Left: Detail MOC FHA-01046 (2000)
Right: Sumerian Ziggurat (Iraq)
 

Continuing our exploration in a north eastern direction, the next structure we will examine is labeled C in figure 1. The formation has a basic hexagonal-shape with a square extension giving it an overall keyhole-shape (Figure 4). Its basic geometric design follows the modular form often seen in modern hexagonal pod homes (Figure 4).
 

Figure 4

Hexagonal Keyhole Temple
Left: Detail MRO CTX D04_028598_1426_XI_37S195W (2012)
Right: Hexagonal and square modular home
 

Just above the Hexagonal Keyhole Temple in a north eastern direction, labeled D in figure 1, is another highly symmetrical structure, that I have called the Star Temple. The structure has a polygonal shape that radiates from rectangular-shaped central mound with four projecting points that traverse around the mound like wings (Figure 5).  The wings act as bastions that form star-pointed corners giving the structure a defensive, military shape.  The bastion design of the Star Temple on Mars can be compared to a star-shaped military structure, built during the colonial times of the United States, like Fort Stanwix located in New York8 (Figure 5).

 
 
 

Figure 5

Star Temple
Left: Detail MRO CTX D04_028598_1426_XI_37S195W (2012)
Right: Fort Stanwix (New York)
 

The last structure in this study, labeled E in figure 1, is located just to the north east of the Star Temple, labeled D in figure 1. The triangular shape of this highly eroded structure has a large circular depression at its center (Figure 6). The circular “pit” is flanked by a set of flat, bastion-like features that appear as docking platforms. Unfortunately, the northern platform appears to be missing. It may have been broken off or become submerged below scattered debris and drifting sands. If complete, the footprint of its Post-Modern architecture would suggests that it was based on the utilitarian design of a Hotel astray, complete with cigarette rests (Figure 6).

 
 

Figure 6

Temple of the Broken Astray
Left: Detail MRO CTX D04_028598_1426_XI_37S195W (2012)
Right: Square ashtray
 

Footnotes

1.International Astronomical Union (IAU), Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature, Planetary Names: Terra Cimmeria. https://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/Feature/5930;jsessionid=2B939B622062F6B903A2AFDDCD5F3825

2. Angus Stevenson, Oxford Dictionary of English, (OUP Oxford, 2010), 314.

3. Anne Katrine Gade Kristensen ,Who Were the Cimmerians, and where Did They Come From?: Sargon II, the Cimmerians, and Rusa I Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, Volume 57 of Historisk-filosofiske meddelelser, (Kgl. Danske Videnskabernes Selskab, 1988), 6.
 
4. Mars viewer, Ride-along with HiRISE, MRO HiRISE CTX image D04_028598_1426_XI_37S195W, dated September 1, 2012.

http://viewer.mars.asu.edu/planetview/inst/ctx/D04_028598_1426_XI_37S195W#P=D04_028598_1426_XI_37S195W&T=2

5. Ibid.

6. Gifford, John, Dumfries and Galloway. Pevsner Architectural Guides: The Buildings of Scotland, (Yale University Press, 1996), p.140.

7. Mars viewer, 'high standing' upland chaos, MOC image FHA-01046, Dated May 22, 2000. http://viewer.mars.asu.edu/planetview/inst/moc/FHA01046#P=FHA01046&T=2

8. Kelly Cardwell, Red, White, Blue - and Gold, Fort Stanwix National Monument, New York. Retrieved December 12, 2016.https://www.nps.gov/fost/learn/historyculture/flag-of-ftstanwix.htm.
 
 
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