The Cydonia Institute
Through NASA’s own photographs the truth will be revealed
The Cydonia Institute                                                            Vol.4  No.3  ◘
The 2001 Face – The Bearded Jaguar
by George J. Haas
June 2001
    The right side of the 2001 image of the Face confirms the feline aspect of the east side of the 1998 Face (Figure 1). Although the 1998 exposure is narrow and dark it's feline aspects are still present and confirmed in the new 2001 image. Notice that in the current 2001 image of the Feline side of the Face still retains the crown feature and a square shape to the head. We still see the rectangular, squinting eyes, the muzzle, and a short zig-zag shaped mane or beard. Also note the four little "fangs" at the top and bottom of the flailing tongue.

Figure 1
Comparison of both eastern feline sides of the Face on Mars 1998 & 2001

a. 2001 Feline side: NASA/JPL (E03-00824)
b. 1998 Feline side: negative reversal (SPI-22003).

   The only surprise in the new photograph is the presents of four little "fangs" at the top and bottom of a flailing "tongue". The tongue is highly decorated with a crown like pattern (Figure 2).

Figure 2
The Crowned Tongue

Left: Highlighted detail of central axis with tooth and tongue
Note two teeth on left and half of the Crowned Tongue on the right.

Right: The Crowned Tongue feature (duplicated).
Note the owl shape of the face

   On an Olmec mask from Guerrero,1 Mexico a jaguar head is depicted with a beard and a flailing tongue (Figure 3). Notice the small beard flowing around the lower jaw and neck area.

Figure 3
Olmec bearded jaguar
Note the ears, fangs, flailing tongue, and short beard-like mane
Drawing by George J. Haas
(Image source: Art of Ancient America by Disselhoff and Linne).

   In Mesoamerican cultures the flailing tongue was often seen as a sign of bloodletting2 and many glyphs portray jaguars with flailing tongues (Figure 4a). The tongue was synonymous with the sacrificial knife and many images display these protruding tongues in the shape of a knife blade3 (Figure 4b).

Figure 4
Tongues and knife blades
a. Maya Jaguar glyph with jeweled tongue
Drawing by George J. Haas
(Image source: After Thompson) 
b. Aztec sacrificial blade
Note the tongue shaped knife has a face
Drawing by George J. Haas
(Image source: Montezuma's Mexico: Visions of the Aztec World by Carrasco) 


1. Hans-Dietrich Disselhoff and Sigvald Linne, The Art of Ancient America (New York: Greystone Press, 1966), 75. Although this mask is not a typical example of Olmec art, Dr. Lothrop has ascribed it to the Olmec culture. The mask is from Rio de las Balsas, Guerrero, and exhibits a “stylistic influence” of the Olmec of La Venta.

2. Linda Schele and David Freidel, A Forest of Kings: The Untold Story of the Ancient Maya (New York: Quill, 1990), 89.

3. Cottie Burland and Werner Forman, Echoes of the Ancient World: The Aztecs: Fate of the Warrior Nation (Yugoslavia: Golden Press, 1985), 102.

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